Formation in football refers to the way players are positioned on the field at the start of a match, and during a game. These positions are determined by the coach based on the team's strengths, weaknesses, and tactics.
Formation determines how many players are in defense, midfield, and attack, and where they are positioned. The formation is usually denoted by a series of numbers that represent the number of players in each position, starting with the goalkeeper and then the defenders, midfielders, and forwards.
The formation affects the team's playing style and strategy. For instance, a formation with more defenders may focus on defending and counter-attacking, while a formation with more attacking players may prioritize attacking and possession. Additionally, the formation can be adjusted during the game to adapt to changing circumstances, such as injuries or a need to score a goal.
For example, a 4-4-2 formation indicates that there are four defenders, four midfielders, and two forwards. The numbers can also be arranged differently, such as in a 3-5-2 or a 4-3-3 formation. Coaches can choose a formation based on various factors, such as the strengths and weaknesses of their team, the opponent's playing style, and the match situation.
The formation setting is chosen by the team's coach before and during the game, and players must adhere to it.
There are many different types of formations in football, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Below is the list of formations that are commonly used by football teams: